Cereal Chemistry Consultant 2011 - present                                                                                                                                   
ADB Wheat Consulting                                                                                                                                                                     
Moscow, ID                                                                                                                                                                                         

I have consulted with grower groups, various large and small wheat processing and baking companies and marketing      groups. I have presented information to international wheat-buying and utilizing groups (Peru, Japan, Taiwan, Korea) for  The Washington Grains Commission and US Wheat Associates. I have presented seminars for the Idaho Wheat                  Commission and for various companies. I have used my broad knowledge of cereal chemistry to assist in the sale of US    wheat and to inform and assist milling and baking companies in enhancing their processes for maximum efficiency and    profit. Most activities have been undertaken under confidentiality agreements, which is an option available to all clients.                                                                                                                                                                                                               

Consultant, US Agency for International Development, Kabul Afghanistan 2018 - 2021                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

Worked to develop a wheat quality laboratory and wheat breeding program for domestic  production of wheat in Afghanistan.  Including training laboratory staff and scientific personnel in techniques of wheat quality analysis, analyzing agronomic, genomic DNA analyses, and results of varietal wheat quality testing.  Provided reports and technical advice on how best to proceed with the wheat quality program.  Project terminated prematurely due to political and governmental changes.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

US Technical Representative 2017 - 2020                                                                                                                                         

Megazyme, Inc.                                                                                                                                                                                  

Bray, Ireland and Moscow ID                                                                                                                                                            

My duties on this three-year contract included providing phone and email support to Megazyme clients using enzyme-    driven test kits for use in grains, milk, feed and wine-making.  Support involved knowledge of ezyme function and its use in the analytical kits as well as knowledge of biochemistry.  Analyses of organic acids (malic, lactic, tartaric etc), starch        and starch-associated enzymes, nitrogen use by yeast and other aspects of biochemistry and its impact on both testing    and end-product quality was required.  Addressing and solving client issues on the phone or through email were major    aspects of this project.  Representing Megazyme at various trade shows and exhibitions was also a frequent part of this    contract.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

Food Technologist / Support Scientist / Research Laboratory Manager – 1992 - 2011                                                               

USDA-ARS WESTERN WHEAT QUALITY LABORATORY (WWQL)                                                                                               
Pullman, WA                                                                                                                                                                                       

I conducted original research into biochemical aspects of wheat relating to end-use functionality.  I investigated how the intrinsic biochemistry and chemical composition can be identified, and manipulated through genetics, to enhance            wheat’s performance for the milling and baking industry.  I managed the WWQL’s research effort, including supervision    of six post-doctoral researchers, two technicians and two to seven student employees in support of the lab’s mission of    fundamental research.  I monitored and maintained the WWQL budget of ~$1,000,000.   I participated and directed the  design, execution, interpretation and publication of post-doctoral researchers’ projects and inter-lab research initiatives. I initiated and managed collaborative research with private corporations and other academic and governmental groups.  In this position, I have contributed to the elucidation of the genetic and biochemical factors that cause endosperm          texture (hard or soft wheat); production of ‘waxy’ (reduced amylose content) wheat; progress in improving wheat quality for Asian noodles (texture and color); and studies on the role of non-starch carbohydrates (arabinoxylans) in end-use        quality.  I have actively participated in the selection and release of every wheat cultivar released to growers in the             western U.S. in the past 30 years.  I have also published extensively (see the publication list) in the area of wheat              biochemistry as it relates to end-uses and development new analytical methodologies. I have developed methods           (pancake formulation, oxidative gelation), and as chair of the AACCI Soft Wheat and Flour Technical Committee,            conducted four collaborative studies, resulting in three methods (Flour Swelling Volume, Polyphenol Oxidase and a new Sugar Snap Cookie baking formulation) that were added to the AACCI Approved Methods book.  I have participated      extensively in professional organizations, primarily the AACCI (attached professional experience list).  I lecture frequently to industry, grower groups, professional organizations and I present several class lectures per year to Crop and Soils, and Food Science Departments.                                                                                                                                                             


Physical Science Technician –  1980 - 1992                                                                                                                                      

USDA-ARS WESTERN WHEAT QUALITY LABORATORY (WWQL)                                                                                               
Pullman, WA                                                                                                                                                                                       

I was responsible for receiving, sanitizing, and storing samples of wheat received from breeders in the 7 western states.  I cleaned and analyzed (test weight, protein, hardness and moisture) the received samples prior to milling.  I was in charge of performing various physicochemical and biochemical assays to ascertain the potential end-use quality of experimental wheat lines (protein, moisture, ash, AWRC, viscosity, rheological tests, color assays, amylase determinations, etc.)              Additionally, I was the lead data entry technician and supervised the lab’s database.  I supervised two to four lab              assistants who assisted with the receiving, cataloging, milling and testing of 3000 to 5000 experimental wheat lines          per  year.   Led a lab effort to computerize, document and modernize lab techniques.  I streamlined, documented and      improved testing protocols and statistical analyses of results.  Additionally, I participated in basic research into NIR          technology and analysis, development of methods for Chinese steamed bread, Japanese sponge cakes, various mid-      east flat and specialty breads and bread formulations for long term, unrefrigerated storage.                                                  


Tuna / Porpoise Observer – 1979 - 1980                                                                                                                                           NOAA-NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE                                                                                                                          
San Diego, CA                                                                                                                                                                                    

I operated independently as sole government observer onboard long-duration, commercial fishing vessels to gather        data on tuna harvest, incidental mortality of porpoise and dolphins, obtain and dissect specimens resulting from              incidental porpoise mortality.  I recorded mortality and fishing effort information in support of the Marine Mammal Act    of 1973 while on extended (>3 month) commercial fishing trips.  I also logged observations of marine mammals in            general each day at sea.  I processed data after the trips for further analysis and public release.  Between sea voyages, I  processed porpoise tissue and skeletal specimens at the Southwest Fisheries Center in La Jolla, CA.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

Peace Corps Volunteer - Fisheries – 1976 - 1978                                                                                                                            

PEACE CORPS, Zinder, Niger, Africa                                                                                                                                               

I established a series of freshwater fishery cooperatives in sub-Saharan lakes.  From my base in a small rural village, I        trained local residents in commercial fishing practices and creation of equipment (hook lines, nets and boats),                    distributed equipment to launch the fishing industry and created markets for fish where none previously existed.  I            transplanted fish from lakes and rivers that had indigenous populations to the previously sterile lakes in my area, leading to self-sustaining, self-limiting fish populations.  I led a group of Peace Corps Fishery Volunteers in formulating the first    nation-wide fisheries management plan for Niger.  I participated in annual conferences reviewing  fisheries management practices. I established national guidelines for future projects with the goal of enhancing nutrition by providing new          sources of protein.                                                                                                                                                                             



M.S. Food Science – 1992                                                                                                                                                                 

Y. Pomeranz, Advisor                                                                                                                                                                         

WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY                                                                                                                                                
Pullman, WA                                                                                                                                                                                       


B.S. Fisheries and Wildlife Resources – 1976                                                                                                                                   

UNIVERSITY OF IDAHO                                                                                                                                                                    
Moscow, ID                                                                                                                                                                                         



  • Laboratory scale milling (Miag Multimat, Buhler, Quadrumat systems and micro-milling systems).                                   

  • Laboratory scale baking: straight-dough pan bread, cookie [wire-cut and sugar snap formulation], Japanese  sponge cake, Asian noodles [white salted, alkaline and Ramen], Chinese steamed bread and various Arabic flat and specialty breads, US-style pancakes, chemically-leavened crackers (soda crackers).                                                                           

  • Physicochemical assays :protein [Kjeldahl and combustion methods], moisture, ash, rheology [mixograph,                    alveograph, farinograph, extensograph and various texture meters], amylase assessment [amylograph, Falling            Number, Rapid VisoAnalyzer and various enzyme-driven tests], SDS sedimentation, Oxidative Gelation, SRC, AWRC. 

  • Electrophoresis: SDS-PAGE, acid-PAGE, 2-D, iso-electric focusing, sequencing, electroelution, computer analysis of  gel banding patterns.                                                                                                                                                                 

  • HPLC: SEC, RP-HPLC, ion-exchange chromatography; UV-Vis, fluorescence and Evaporative Light Scattering              detection.                                                                                                                                                                                    

  • Thin Layer Chromatography and open column, low pressure chromatography.                                                                 

  • PCR amplification of nucleic acids and visualization of products with agarose gels.                                                           

  • Western blot analysis (including hands-on production of polyclonal antibodies).                                                                

  • Spectrophotometry (UV-Vis and NIR).                                                                                                                                       

  • Instrumental texture analysis.                                                                                                                                                     

  • Dark room and photographic technics, including digital photographic techniques.                                                           

  • Statistical design, analysis and interpretation (PC- and mainframe-SAS, Excel).                                                                  

  • Computer literacy (word processing, graphics, spreadsheet, database, statistical and e-mail / internet  programs)       

  • Professional Accomplishments and Recognition                                                                   

  • Recipient of the AACCI 2017 William F. Geddes Award. This is one of the highest awards in Cereal Science;           awarded by scientific peers in grain science for service, scientific merit and devotion to the industry.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

  • Recipient of the pacific Northwest Wheat Quality Council Lifetime Achievement Award 2011.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Recipient of the AACCI Milling and Baking Division 2009 John C. Halverson Memorial Lectureship Award for  contributions to cereal science supporting the Milling and Baking Industry.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

  • Other Activities of Note                                                                                                            

  • Elected City of Moscow, ID City Council 2014 - 2022                                                                                                              

  • Elected Mayor of City of Moscow, ID 2022 - 2026                                                                                                                    

  • Member University of Idaho Library Board of Advisers 2019 - 2021                                                                                       

  • Member Moscow Urban Renewal Agency 2012 - 2022                                                                                                           

  • Elected President, City of Moscow, ID City Council and acting mayor 2016 and 2021                                                        

  • Recipient of the Moscow, ID Service to Commission Award, 2009                                                                                        

  • Member, City of Moscow, ID Planning and Zoning Commission 2003 - 2014                                                                       

  • Chairman, City of Moscow, ID Planning and Zoning Commission 2006 - 2014                                                                     

  • .